At her first entrance helen is compared to artemis. Telemachus, his crew and nestors son arrive at menelaus palace to inquire more about the fate of odysseus. Note the cavalier way she offers mass destruction of her favorite cities p. In this lesson, we will summarize book 4 of homers the odyssey.
Foreshadowing odysseus disguise when he returns to ithaca, helen. Menelaus told him he would do this but asked him about his comrades. Telemachus regretfully declined these gifts for his own reasons. In book 3, menelaus challenges paris to a duel for helens return. In greek mythology, menelaus was a king of mycenaean predorian sparta, the husband of. In book 4 of the odyssey there is a great deal of xenia. After menelaus finishes the story, everyone retires to different rooms and goes to sleep. A2a there are a number of greek vase paintings that depict the moment menelaus found helen during the sack of troy. In book 4, while the greeks and trojans squabble over the duels winner. Note the carelessly cruel attitude of the gods towards mortals.
Menelaus, in greek mythology, king of sparta and younger son of atreus, king of mycenae. You must be the boy he left behind when he took ship for troy all because of me and my mad passion for trojan paris. He was dressed as a beggar, and helen was the only one to see him, and he outwitted he until she bathed him and he told her all the achaeans plans. You will find detailed summaries and analyses of books 4, 5, and 6 right here at enotes at the site linked below. When menelaus married helen, a promise was extracted from all the rejected suitorprinces that they would come to the aid of menelaus should anyone try to abduct her. The odyssey book 4 the king and queen of sparta scene. By legend, the house of atreus was famous for its riches, and homer alludes to the myth in describing menelaus palace. Him they found giving a marriage feast to his many kinsfolk for his noble son and daughter within his house. Menelaus and xenia in book 4 gordonstounodysseyblog. His parents were atreus and aerope, while his brother was agamemnon who ruled over the city of mycenae.
Do we know, menelaus, fostered of zeus, who these men declare themselves to be who have come to our house. In the odyssey in book 4, menelaus speaks with telemachus about his lifes story. Argive helen wept, the daughter of zeus, 185 telemachus wept, and menelaus, son of atreus, nor could the son of nestor keep his eyes tearless. Helen wept, telemachus wept, and so did menelaus, nor could pisistratus keep his eyes from filling, when he remembered his dear brother antilochus whom the. From book 3, we get the sense that she thinks running off with paris was a big mistake. Jul 11, 2017 a2a there are a number of greek vase paintings that depict the moment menelaus found helen during the sack of troy.
How would the reunion between helen of troy and her. Helen is returned to her husband king menelaus and playing the role of an obedient housewife. The visit to king menelaus, who tells his storymeanwhile the suitors in ithaca plot against telemachus they reached the low lying city of lacedaemon, where they drove straight. What does menelaus give to telemachus in book 4 of the. Jan 21, 2012 in book four that menelaus considers odysseus very important in the greek victory over the trojans. Oct 30, 20 in book 4 of the odyssey there is a great deal of xenia. Menelaus daughter hermione his only child by helen is marrying achilles son neoptolemos. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. He was one of the main characters involved in the trojan war. Telemachus and nestors son are welcomed by king menelaus with great hospitality. Jul 24, 2017 telemachus and pisistratus arrive in sparta to seek news of odysseus.
Homers iliad is the most comprehensive source for menelauss exploits during the trojan war. Menelaus queen is the same helen whose abduction from sparta caused the trojan war. Menelaus only son by a slave girl and therefor illegitimate, megapenthes, is marrying the daughter of a spartan nobleman, alector. When phrontis, one of his crewmen, was killed, menelaus delayed his voyage until the man had been buried, thus giving evidence of his strength.
The odyssey book 4 menelaus and helen menelaus was entertaining some relatives in his house to celebrate the impending weddings of his son and his daughter not to each other his daughter, the princess would marry the son of achilles as he had promised in troy. Helen and menelaus entertain telemachus and peisitratus. Menelaus and helen poem by rupert brooke poem hunter. Menelaus was a king of sparta in greek mythology, husband of helen. In this story, he recalls a conversation he had with eidothea the daughter of the shapeshifting old man of the. In the end menelaus ends up taking helen back as his wife.
Through red death, and smoke, and cries, and then by quieter ways he strode, 5. Menelaus and helen essay by rupert brooke free essays. This stresses helens beauty as it implies that she looks divine. Menelaus praises her storytelling and recounts how helen tried to lure odysseuss comrades from the wooden horse in which they had penetrated troy by imitating the voices of the soldiers wives. On the surface helen is a kind host and loyal wife, yet underlying this persona is a sinister portrayal of an inscrutable woman. When menelaus makes a speech in front of his guests, he. Then menelaus tells about odysseus work with the wooden horse and how helen almost undid it all by tempting the men inside to call out to her.
What is the result of the duel between menelaus and paris. Telemachus and peisistratus arrive at sparta to find a double wedding in progress. Jun 29, 2017 menelaus king of sparta and brother of agamemnon. How would the reunion between helen of troy and her husband. She even gets up in the goddess aphrodites face, blaming her for causing so many problems. In sparta, the king and queen, menelaus and helen, are celebrating the separate marriages of their son and daughter. In book 3 of homers the iliad, menelaus and paris attempt to end the war by engaging in a single combat for helen, but the interference of the goddess aphrodite makes the fight end in a. Menelaus asked him which of the immortals chained me here. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of the odyssey and what it means. Hera explodes with anger, saying that she wont let the duel stop her effort to destroy troy. Telemachus and pisistratus arrive in sparta to seek news of odysseus. Argive helen wept, the daughter of zeus, telemachus wept, and menelaus, son of atreus, nor could the son of nestor keep his eyes tearless.
Zeus begins to taunt hera, mocking her and athena for standing by while aphrodite rescues paris. However, the comparison of helen to artemis may be ironic as artemis was a virgin goddess, whereas. The trojan army marches from the city gates and advances to meet the achaeans. This is demonstrated well in the below scene from the odyssey. In book 4 menelaus is wounded by pandarus at the instigation of athena issue of luck. So helen sat down upon the chair, and below was a footstool for the feet. What reason does menelaus give eteoneus for welcoming telemachus and pisistratus. In book 3, menelaus challenges paris to a duel for helen s return. Menelaus is holding the wedding ceremony for his son and daughter. Menelaus soundly beats paris, but before he can kill him and claim victory aphrodite spirits paris away inside the walls of troy. They happily greet pisistratus and telemachus, the latter of whom they soon recognize as the son of odysseus because of the clear family resemblance. Beyond that, though, helen is notable for her conflicted attitude toward her achaian origins and her new home in troy. In book 4, what is menelaus opinion of odysseus in. Foreshadowing odysseus disguise when he returns to ithaca, helen recalls how he scarred his body and donned slaves clothing in order to slip into troy under the guise of a beggar.
The date of their arrival is marked by a double wedding. This stresses helen s beauty as it implies that she looks divine. The story of when they were in the wooden horse, and odysseus restrained him and diomedes from calling out to helen when she addressed the achaean men. Use the answers to the questions below as a guide to evaluate student understanding. His parents were atreus and aerope, while his brother was agamemnon who ruled over the city of mycenae when menelaus and agamemnon were still young, their father clashed with his brother thyestes, as to who would be the king of mycenae. After helen drugs everyone into talking happy thoughts, menelaus talks about odysseus role in the trojan horse campaign and how he helped keep the men focused when helen tried to distract them with the voices of their wives. Menelaus soundly beats paris, but before he can kill him and claim victory, aphrodite spirits paris away inside the walls of troy. In the book the odyssey who was menelaus wife answers. In the movie menelaus is killed by hector when menelaus is about to kill his brother, paris. Upon reaching the palace they are immediately called in by menelaus, who allows them to eat before questioning them on their origins. When menelaus and agamemnon were still young, their father clashed with his brother thyestes, as to who would be. Menelaus and helen, book iv telemachus and nestors son psistratus, arrive in sparta, at the court of king menelaus. Menelaus tears through troy in a rage, determined to kill helen for all the trouble she caused. He notes that menelaus is the victor, and that he should now lead helen home.
One of the menelaus squires called eteoneus said tell me whether we should unharness their horses for them or send them on to find someone else to entertain them. When phrontis, one of his crewmen, was killed, menelaus delayed his voyage until the man. Many people love and admire his poems, but despite. During the war menelaus served under his elder brother agamemnon, the commander in chief of the greek forces. He is visiting menelaus, the king of sparta, in order to find out more information about his father odysseus, who has been missing ever since the. In book 4, while the greeks and trojans squabble over the duels winner, athena inspires the trojan pandarus to kill menelaus with his bow and arrow. Proteus told him that he did not sacrifice to zeus and the other gods upon his departure and advises that they needed return to the nile and make a sacrifice. Litcharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in the iliad, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Menelaus and helen both display cunning in guessing telemachuss identity. Menelaus wished to give telemachus three stallions and a chariot burnished bright. Aphrodites curse was already wearing off when last. Paris took her to troy and the greeks came to take her back, fighting the trojan. Briefly, book 4 is set in sparta at the home of menelaus and helen.
Comments about menelaus and helen by rupert brooke rajendraprasad shinde 752015 1. Also artemis was a healer goddess and helen drugs telemachus and menelaus lines 230235. Telemachus continues his search for answers about his father odysseuss fate, arriving now in sparta to visit menelaus. In the movie achilles was killed in the battle at troy. Zeus cannot understand the depths of heras hatred for troy. Odysseus son telemachus has come to the court of menelaus to seek information about his fathers whereabouts, who since the trojan war has vanished from greece. Oct 14, 20 at her first entrance helen is compared to artemis. Detailed look at a criticized poem grief, death, devastation. Telemachus and nestors son psistratus, arrive in sparta, at the court of king menelaus. The odyssey book 4 menelaus and helen flashcards quizlet.
Homer, odyssey book 4 theoi classical texts library. Odyssey book 4 says menelaus roamed for 7 years after the trojan war ended, before he could return home to his palace at sparta, in the 8th year. Menelaus noted him, and debated in mind and heart whether he should leave him to speak of his father himself, or whether he should first question him and prove him in each thing. If the trojan war ended in 1183 bc as eratosthenes said this 7 year period places menelaus at the borders of. Paris, the trojan prince who precipitated the war by stealing the beautiful helen from her husband, menelaus, challenges the achaeans to single combat with any of their warriors.1388 1280 280 1501 831 845 645 412 1278 542 442 1036 1142 1220 758 1468 792 913 802 1049 720 1014 732 259 1515 602 333 696 1145 570 184 372 1048 919 1081 979 1172 1363 1484 611 1151